Sierra Leone Stresses Preventive Diplomacy for Regional Peace - Sierraloaded News


Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Sierra Leone Stresses Preventive Diplomacy for Regional Peace


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Samura Mathew Wilson Kamara, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Republic of Sierra Leone, addresses the general debate of the General Assembly’s seventy-second session. UN Photo/Cia Pak

Sierra Leone’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Dr, Samura Mathew Wilson Kamara, on September 22, stressed the importance of mediation and regional partnerships to preserve peace, urging the international body to reflect on reform measures that will uphold the United Nations’ collective responsibility to maintain peace.

His comment came while delivering the statement of President Ernest Bai Koroma at the United Nations General Assembly’s seventy-second session in New York, United States.

Dr Samuara called on the international community to “generate innovative ideas and credible mechanisms that will bring all conflicts to a peaceful end; promote social progress, peace and security, human rights and fundamental freedoms; and secure better standards of life for humanity.”

With a nod to the country’s decades-long civil war, Mr. Kamara said that Sierra Leone “learned from experience” that mediation efforts are fruitful only if accompanied by a timely cessation of hostilities, credible cease-fire agreements, and the timely deployment of peacekeeping or observer missions, among others.
He said the choice of the theme for this session: "Focusing on people: striving for peace and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet”, is apt and timely in an era of global uncertainties and challenges, including the emergence of new threats that tend to undermine their efforts in on promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples.

“For seventy-two years, through this organization, we have combined our efforts to prevent a major war, promote human rights and fundamental freedoms, justice and equal rights of men and women of all races. Yet, we are faced with unprecedented global challenges of enormous proportions,” he said.

“The seemingly unending cycles of conflict and violence, the destructive and devastating impacts of climate change, the spread of terrorism and the largest refugee, migration and humanitarian crises in recent history continue to question the effectiveness of our present international machinery, as well as our ability to promote peace and decent life for all on a sustainable planet,” Dr Samura said..

“We should therefore generate innovative ideas and credible mechanisms that will bring all conflicts to a peaceful end; promote social progress, peace and security, human rights and fundamental freedoms; and secure better standards of life for humanity. We must remain steadfast to our commitment to building a sustainable planet for present and succeeding generations. This Assembly should in that regard, reflect on reform measures that will reinforce our collective obligation to upholding the purposes and principles upon which our organization was founded.”

The foreign minister said, “Two years ago, this Assembly adopted the groundbreaking resolution 70/304 on strengthening the role of mediation in the peaceful settlement of disputes. “It is Sierra Leone's firm belief that we must continue to build on gains made in our preventive diplomacy efforts, including heightened collaboration with each other, and among our regional organizations and actors, making use of experiences that have helped us achieve relative international peace and security. I am in that regard, heartened by the profound impetus of the preferential use of preventive diplomacy, as well as mediation efforts in the maintenance of international peace and security by the UN system. The good offices of the Secretary General, including the early warning system, and the international contact groups are important instruments in our pursuit to prevent conflict and must be further strengthened to effectively respond to any crisis situation.

The effective utilization of Chapter VI of the Charter therefore remains the best option for this Organization in the prevention and peaceful settlement of disputes.

“Obviously, mediation remains a powerful instrument for the prevention and settlement of armed conflicts and must be utilized to the fullest extent possible,” he said.

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